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Willis Carrier, a 25-year-old engineer born and raised in New York, worked at Sackett-Wilhelms Lithographing & Publishing Company of Brooklyn in the summer of 1902. Every summer, intense heat caused ink not to dry quickly, resulting in runs of ink spreading across book pages, and paper enlarged during hot times, causing type font to look different whenever it had left the sweltering-hot facility.

Tired of dealing with these common issues, Carrier invented the modern air conditioner shortly after. Four years later, in 1906, Carrier got a patent for his air conditioner and began selling it.

Over the past century-plus, air conditioning has advanced tremendously. Still, however, plain air conditioning just doesn’t satisfy many of our needs from time to time. Plus, leaving air conditioners on full-blast all day isn’t good for electricity bills, though it is effective in dropping behind a sizable carbon footprint for planet Earth to deal with.

For these reasons and several others, many of us seek alternatives to traditional air conditioning systems. Let’s check out six popular alternatives to traditional air conditioning networks and learn a little bit about each of them.

1. Air Conditioners Don’t Always Need Ductwork, Believe It Or Not

Ductwork refers to the network of flexible ducts spread throughout spaces in between walls, ceilings, and floors to distribute heated and cooled air throughout homes that have central air systems. In some cases, especially for renters who don’t have permission to carry out full-fledged home improvement projects, ductless air conditioners are the best means of staying cool during spring, summer, and the first few weeks of fall.

Traditional air conditioning systems, those that consist of bulky HVAC units stationed outside of homes, are far bulkier than their ductless counterparts. Also known as mini split air conditioners, this effective alternative to the traditional air conditioner is connected to a not-as-big condenser located outside of the home.

2. Who Needs Central Air When You’ve Got Its Outdated Brethren?

Window-mounted air conditioners, also known as portable air conditioners, used to be the most popular form of air conditioner in the entirety of the United States. The simple, boxy design of these AC units effectively hang the business end of the unit well outside of the window frame. As such, exhaust can freely drip to the ground.

Although these units won’t work unless you have them properly mounted in windows, they are a suitable alternative for cooling one to three normal-sized rooms per wall-mounted air conditioning unit if your home’s central air unit is out or you’re not in a place with one.

3. The Higher The Humidity, The More Heat Remains In The Air

Humidity is a term that refers to the saturation of water vapor in a body of air. The higher the humidity, the hotter a body of air feels.

Even though the swamp cooler, also referred to as the evaporative cooler, doesn’t have the power that the two air conditioners listed above have, it is still effective in environments that does not have much water vapor present in the air.

Swamp coolers work by releasing water vapor into a closed environment. First, the operator soaks a pad or sponge with cold water. The swamp cooler circulates air via a fan, causing water to spread all throughout homes. To keep a house cooled by a swamp cooler feeling A-OK, quickly cracking and closing windows as a means of waving goodbye to unwanted heat was the go-to move.

In short, swamp coolers are effective in dry areas. Humid areas and swamp coolers simply don’t mix.

4. The Least Powerful Tool On The List

Are you familiar with the round, spinning, metal things affixed to many homeowners’ roofs? These devices are known as attic fans, which are essentially a dumbed-down version of the aforementioned swamp cooler.

Attic fans cool homes by pushing stuffy, hot air out of homes and making a constant breeze blow inside. These tools are great for temperatures that don’t get higher than 80 degrees Fahrenheit.

5. The Poor Man’s Air Conditioning Unit – The Box Or Rotating Fan

White plastic box fans and rotating steel fans are arguably the two most popular styles of home ventilators. Although these fans don’t actually cause the temperature of nearby air decrease at all, they deceive the brain into feeling more comfortable.

A good way to take advantage of these fans during tough times is to place the fans as close to the ground as possible. Next, face them upwards. The coolest air in the room, the air nearest the ground, will be circulated throughout the upper tiers of the room, regulating temperature and causing people inside them to feel better.

6. The Ground Can Work Wonders, Believe It Or Not

Geothermal heating and cooling use the power of the Sun and the cool ground. First, a wide network of plastic or rubber tubes is buried about a foot underground. When homes need to be cooled off, this water can absorb heat from houses that use these systems.

To heat homes up, hot water, which is made hot by carefully, neatly coiling one or more hoses on a black shingle roof, is circulated through hoses inside the home. This is the hardest system to implement but is cheaper than a new A/C Unit, but is the best for the environment.

Many people come to us wondering how they can find freedom from the encumbrance of the weight of an unwanted mortgage. To Sell a house fast for cash may not always be a practical solution because there are many factors to consider, including the value of the home and the mortgage amount. That being said, there are other practical options available. One alternative, known as the Subject-To property transfer, is a worthy consideration as it offers advantages to both the buyer and the seller.

Subject-To agreements mean that the purchaser is subject to the seller’s current mortgage. The seller transfers the deed to the property to the buyer who takes over the mortgage payments rather than offering a cash remittance. The buyer benefits from this type of transaction because he assumes possession of a property without having to procure a loan. The homeowner profits because he is no longer hindered with an unwanted mortgage payment. The homeowner can sell their home quickly and be free of the financial strain of home repairs and upkeep. Because the buyer continues to make payments on the mortgage, the most salient benefit is the improved credit score that results for the seller.

While a Subject-To agreement offers appealing benefits for both the buyer and the seller, there are a few risks that should be carefully evaluated. The mortgage lender could demand full, immediate payment of the loan upon learning of the deed transfer. In addition, untimely mortgage payments from the buyer could result in foreclosure or repossession of the property by the lien holder. In this case, the seller’s credit rating would substantially decline. While these circumstances occur relatively rarely, these risks should be considered.

This type of transaction does invite a small degree of risk, but it also offers a favorable alternative for a homeowner threatened with foreclosure or who owes more than their home is worth. This solution also provides the seller with the possibility of a more financially secure future.

Tattoo Removal Alternatives

Many people end up regretting that tattoo that they once wanted so badly. While most professionals suggest laser treatment to effectively remove tattoo ink, there are others options out there.

Tattoos have been around a lot longer than the practice of laser tattoo removal, meaning the techniques for removing tattoos were once limited to the most superficial layer of the skin, called the epidermis. These alternatives of excision or dermabrasion were evasive and not completely effective.

There are many claims out there for products to help remove tattoos, but it is important to research your options before committing to a strategy. Here are several options of tattoo removal that do not require lasers.

Dermabrasion

Dermabrasion works by scraping away the top few layers of skin, which removes the color of the tattoo and encourage fresh skin to grow. A local anesthetic is applied tp reduce the pain prior to the abrasion, which is likely to take several days to heal. This can be done by several methods, including sandpaper, corrosive salt or acids, or an abrasive brush. Dermabrasion is not recommended for every tattoo, however. Tattoos that are on the face, those that have been done unprofessionally, or very old tattoos should not be removed by dermabrasion because their pigments have likely soaked deep into the skin, making them difficult to remove.

There are several problems that come along with dermabrasion as a form of tattoo removal. It results in scarring that is often more unsightly than the tattoo itself. The scar may even become raised and discolored months after the dermabrasion has been performed. An infection can also occur in the area that is being treated. Finally, the pain from this procedure often lasts for several days.

Salibrasion

Just as mentioned above, salibrasion is a form of dermabrasion where the tattoo is literally rubbed away with abrasive salt with a local anesthetic. This is one of the oldest known procedures for tattoo removal.

Excision

A scalpel can be used to cut away the portion of skin that contains a tattoo. This is best for small tattoos because the area of skin is sutured back together once it has been removed. If this procedure is desired for a large tattoo, skin grafting is an option. This process is done by a surgeon and is only recommended on smaller tattoos. While this procedure provides immediate results, it is almost certain to cause scarring.

Cryosurgery

Cryosurgery involves the application of liquid nitrogen to the tattoo, followed by a unique light that encourages the skin to peel off. This is a gradual process, done in a series of doctor visits. Several side effects come along with cryosurgery, including bleeding and blistering at the site, swelling, and pain. Some people are unable to regrow hair at the surgery site as well.

Tattoo Removal Cream

These inexpensive creams are easily purchased and therefore very popular. Although these creams are neither regulated nor recommended by the F.D.A., they act as bleaching agents to reduce the appearance of tattoos. These creams must be applied three times each day and can take up to a year to be effective.

It is important to note that reports have shown these creams have an ingredient in them that is likely to cause cancer. Hydroquinone has been banned in several countries for this reason. If you choose to use  tattoo removal creams to remove your tattoo, check the ingredient label first to make sure it does not contain Hydroquinone.

Chemical Peels

Chemical peels are often done by dermatologists to rejuvenate skin from wrinkles, age spots, and fine lines. During a chemical peel, trichloroacetic acid is applied directly to the tattoo for up to ten minutes before being neutralized by frozen saline packs.

Up to a month before getting a chemical peel, patients must start to apply skin conditioners such as Retin-A to reduce dead skin, which will make the peel work into the deep layers of skin, providing better results. However, this is not a very effective method for tattoo removal because it fails to penetrate deep enough into the skin.

Chemical peels are offered by some companies for people to use at home. However, they are not regulated by the F.D.A and are not likely to be safe methods to remove a tattoo. It is not recommended to do this at home because in order to be effective, the procedure would not be safe and could easily lead to scarring or infection.

At-Home Tattoo Removal

Whether it is due to the cost, time, or simply due to high emotions, some people decide to attempt removing their tattoos themselves. Most home remedies are brutal and unsophisticated. Some examples include:

  • Colored Ink Half Sleeve Tattoo Art

    using household chemicals

  • burning the skin with fire
  • cutting the tattoo out with knives
  • injecting water into the tattoo to flush it out
  • using sandpaper to rub off the tattoo

None of these techniques are safe or recommended.

Intense Pulsed Light

I.P.L. is similar to laser therapy in the sense that they both use light to break down tattoo ink, however, I.P.L. is more expensive than laser therapy. This procedure also comes with the risk of Hypopigmentation which is not great if yoiu need to remove military tattoos and deploy shortly.

Laser

1. Q-switched Ruby

This laser emits quick pulses of intense red light into the skin, where it is then absorbed by the tattoo ink, which is then broken down. This results in the gradual fading of a tattoo. There is typically no lasting harm done to the skin with this laser tattoo removal treatment.

2. Q-switched Alexandrite

This laser emits energy that is longer than the Ruby, but shorter than the ND:YAG. This is very effective on blue-black and green tattoos, however, some of the lasers are inconsistent and unreliable. Also, this laser is not effective for red tattoos, which is a popular color.

3. Q-switched Nd:YAG

This laser is great for all colors, including red tattoos, and is great for people with darker skin. This laser is very versatile and therefore considered the most effective laser in tattoo removal.

Tattoo Cover-Ups

A new tattoo can be applied directly over an original tattoo. This camouflages the original tattoo, making it unrecognizable. Many choose to do a laser treatment prior to covering up a tattoo to help lighten the original tattoo, creating a clean canvas. This process is less expensive than complete removal, which provides a different option to those who regret getting their tattoos.